###
How to Create a Model in ETABS
In this Leason you will be learning How to create a Mathematical model in ETABS Software.

##### How to Import (.Dxf) Beam Center Line Plan in ETABS for Creating a model in ETABS.24:13

##### How to define Material Grade For Beams, Columns, Slab & Shear Wall.16:49

##### How to define the Section Properties for Beam, Column & Slab.13:05

##### How to position Columns in Our Project as per Architectural Plan.15:35

##### How to Draw Slab in our Project as per Architectural Requirements.07:11

##### How to Create different floors or Levels in our Project as per requirements.24:31

##### How to Draw Shear Wall in our Project.03:54

##### How to identify warning in our Model.08:81

##### Section 1st Quiz

###
Global & Local Axis
In structural analysis, the terms "global axis" and "local axis" are used to describe different coordinate systems that are used to analyze the behavior of structures.

##### Global Axis & Local Axis in ETABS Software.15:21

###
Applying Fixed Support in Model.
Supports are a crucial part of your structural analysis model. It is imperative that you understand the different types of structural supports from the beginning as they have the potential to incorrectly represent your model. This can cause incorrect results that do not accurately simulate the real-life situation.

##### How to apply Fixed Support in our Model.21:40

##### 2nd Section QUIZ

###
Gravity Load ( Dead & Live Load ) on Beam & Slab
Gravity loads are a type of structural load that are applied to a building and can be classified as either dead or live loads.

##### Types of loading applied in Building (Part-1)17:32

##### Types of loading applied in Building (Part-2)09:36

##### Calculating & Applying the Wall Load in the Beam.34:00

##### Calculating & Applying the Floor load in Slab19:03

##### Calculating & applying the Over Head Tank(OHT) load17:31

##### Calculating & Applying the Lift load.03:28

##### 3rd Section Quiz

###
Floor deflection Checks for Service Load Combinations in our Model.
It is important to ensure that a structure meets the functional requirements â€“ the Serviceability limit state (SLS). It does not involve collapse or strength of a building but impair it usefulness and stiffness.

##### How to check Floor Deflection in our Model for Service Load Combination.29:54

##### How to perform Creep Analysis With the help of Auto Construction Sequance Analysis in the Model.16:34

##### SECTION 4 QUIZ

###
Frame – Releases / Partial Fixity or Moment Release in ETABS.
In ETABS, you can release a moment in a beam by checking the box to release the major bending at the start or end of the beam.

##### What is the concept applying Moment Release in Beam.18:52

##### How we can apply the Moment Release in our Beam.10:45

##### Section 5 Quiz

###
Modal Analysis (Dyanmic Analysis) of Building.
Modal analysis in ETABS, also known as the mode-superposition method, is a linear dynamic-response procedure that evaluates and superimposes free-vibration mode shapes to characterize displacement patterns. The goal of modal analysis is to determine the natural frequencies and vibration modes of a structure

##### What Is Modal Analysis and Why Is It Necessary?20:30

##### Modal Mass Participating Ratio & Mode Shape( Translation Mode, Rotational Mode)18:04

##### Practical Example of Modal Analysis05:00

##### Modal Analysis Clauses in our IS Code & How we can achieve 1st Mode as Translational Mode.14:05

##### Practically Applying the Modal Analysis Codal Provision clauses in our Project.07:31

##### How many numbers of Modes to be Considered in Modal Analysis results.06:08

##### SECTION -6 QUIZ

###
Static Analysis for Earthquake Design
Static analysis is a method of evaluating a structure's seismic response to earthquakes by assuming that earthquake forces are steady and unchanging.

##### What is the Base Shear Calculation, Zone, Importance, R Factor in Earthquake Code?24:58

##### How we can Calculate value of Sa/g & Time Period of the Building ?23:10

##### How we can apply Earthquake Force in our ETABS Model ?19:25

##### Result interpretation of the Earthquake Force .14:44

##### SECTION 7 QUIZ

###
Floor Diaphragms – Semi Rigid & Rigid Diaphragms
Rigid diaphragms have infinite in-plane stiffness properties, and therefore they neither exhibit membrane deformation nor report the associated forces, whereas semi-rigid diaphragms simulate actual in-plane stiffness properties and behavior. For most reinforced-concrete slab systems, in which the slab is sufficiently thick and membrane deformation due to lateral loading is negligible, rigid diaphragms produce results nearly identical to those of semi-rigid diaphragms, while taking advantage of faster computation. Semi-rigid diaphragms should be modeled when significant in-plane deformation does occur, or when required by code. Floor diaphragms can only be assigned to elements in the same X-Y (i.e. Horizontal) plane.

##### What is Diaphragms, What all the different types of diaphragms available in Etabs Software ?11:20

##### How we can practical apply Rigid Diaphragms in ETABS software ?14:36

##### How we can practical apply Semi-Rigid Diaphragms in ETABS software ?10:55

##### Floor Dia Quiz

### Eccentricity in structural design

##### How we can design our Building with Eccentricity as per Code Requirement?16:09

##### Practical implementation of Eccentricity in our Building.16:47

##### Design Eccentric Quiz

###
Property Modifiers /Cracked Section / Stiffness Modifiers Factor in ETABS
Stiffness modifiers are used to consider the cracking of structural elements and to achieve the desired efficient internal actions in different parts of reinforced concrete (RC) structures. The use of stiffness modifiers according to ACI 318, IS 456, IS1893, and IS16700 codes is explained, and their implementation in ETABS is demonstrated.

##### What is Stiffness Modification Factor (SMF) ?25:50

##### How we can Apply SMF for Service Design in our Model ?11:53

##### SMF Quiz

###
Earthquake Checks for Lateral Statabilty of the Building.
To ensure that a building can withstand loads (in this case, lateral forces of the ground as it shakes), structural engineers carefully design structural elements.
Earthquake loads are quantified and this value helps in determining the design lateral force the building has to resist; this is used to determine sizes of beams, columns, walls, and other structural elements. These lateral forces are often pretty large; to be able to design buildings that can resist these forces, itâ€™s essential for engineers to understand soil behavior. This is because the soil on which a building is constructed impacts the response of the building to the ground shaking. The softer the soil, the larger the lateral forces and vice versa. Engineers use several methods to determine the soil type and its nature

##### Check Your Model if it can Withstand Earthqauke Forces.25:11

##### Lateral Deflection Quiz

###
Dyanmic Response of Building ( Response Spectrumn Analysis ).
Response Spectrum Analysis (RSA) is a linear-dynamic statistical method used in structural engineering to assess the maximum seismic response of a building. It's a vital tool that helps engineers evaluate the dynamic response of structures to seismic and other dynamic loads

##### How we can apply Dynamic Earthquake Forces in our Building.20:25

##### How we can balacnce Static Base Shear to the Dyanmic Base Shear as per code Provision?12:32

##### Lateral deflection Checks in Service Model as per Code requirement in Response Spectrumn Analysis.09:05

##### Dynamic analysis quiz

###
Analysis of the Torsional Irregularity for Response Spectrumn Analysis.
Torsional irregularity is one of the most probable types of horizontal irregularity and existence of this irregularity in most of the structural loading codes is determined by calculating the ratio of the maximum to the average story drift.

##### Understanding the Torsion Irregularities Checks in our Building as per code requirement18:08

##### How we can checks Torsion Irregularity in our ETABS Model ?17:07

##### Torsion Irr Quiz

###
A soft story check.
A soft story check in ETABS is a stiffness irregularity check that can be performed to determine if a building level is more flexible than the stories above and below it. A soft story is a level of a building that has a lateral stiffness that is less than 70% of the stiffness of the story above it, or less than 80% of the lateral stiffness of the stories above it. This can lead to undesirable building performance, and in recent earthquakes, buildings with soft stories have sustained severe structural damage and collapsed.

##### What is Soft Storey ?09:38

##### Practically applying the Soft Story Checks in ETABS Model of our Building10:49

##### soft storey quiz

###
Vertical Design Response Spectrum.
Vertical Design Response Spectrum is used to consider vertical earthquake effects on the elements. In some cases, vertical earthquake effects can be considered with a constant coefficient, while in other cases the vertical response spectrum can be used

##### What is the Importance of the Vertical Design Spectrumn.14:04

##### INSTRUCTION VIDEO – Vertical design Spectrumn02:19

##### How we can apply the Vertical Design Spectrumnas per code provision in our ETABS Model ?16:50

##### Vertical Analysis Quiz

###
P Delta Analysis
P-Delta effect, one type of geometric nonlinearity, involves the equilibrium compatibility relationships of a structural system loaded about its deflected configuration. Of particular concern is the application of gravity load on laterally displaced multi-story building structures. This condition magnifies story drift and certain mechanical behaviors while reducing deformation capacity.

##### Why we are required to perform the P-Delta Analysis in our Model ?23:21

##### Checking the Requirement of Doing the P-Delta Analysis in our Building23:12

##### Practically Applying the P-Delta Analysis in our ETABS as per code requirement10:24

##### P DELTA QUIZ

###
Dual Structural System
Dual system is a system in which the resistance against lateral forces is formed through a series of shear walls or braced frames, with a series of moment frames. The shear portion of each series is determined based on their lateral stiffness and their interactions in all stories.

##### Checking the Building for the Dual System as per code requirement.18:24

##### What all the condition are there for Building to be become as a Dual System08:53

##### Dual Structure System Quiz

### Property Modifiers /Cracked Section / Stiffness Modifiers Factor in ETABS for Strength Load

##### Practically applying the Cracked Section properties in ETABS Model as per Code12:39

##### How we can make Strength Model or Cracked Section as per Code requirement09:53

##### Applying the Cracked Section properties as per ACI-31818:39

### Rebalance the Dynamic Base Shear in our ETABS Model

##### Rebalance the Dynamic Base Shear in our ETABS Model05:29

###
Load Combination & Envelope
In structural analysis, a load combination is a way to combine or sum the results of different load cases, while an envelope load combination is a combination of load cases and combinations that includes basic results for selected load cases and combinations

##### How we can define the Strength Load Combination ?21:54

##### How we can create Strength Envelope ?11:13

##### How we can create the Service Load Combination & Envelope Load?10:35

##### How we can see results in Envelope Load ?11:57

###
Reinforced concrete Beam design in ETABS Software.
Designing beams and columns using ETABS, a popular structural analysis and design software, allows for efficient and accurate structural planning.

##### What all the Checks are there before Beam Design ?13:35

##### What is Beam-Station Location & Combo ID ?16:57

##### What is Beam Longitudinal Section & Cross Sectional & Why we required Doubly Reinforced Beam ?20:03

##### Design Detail of Beam for Flexural Design.12:32

##### What is Equivalent Moment & Torsion Moment in Beam ?13:47

##### What is Design Moment & Flexural Reinforcement of Beam ?18:00

##### Explanation for Longitudinal Rebar with reference of IS 13920 CL.19:26

##### Beam Shear Design, Vertical Link, Cross Tie & Hooks19:12

##### Explanation for the Shear Design with reference of IS 13920 CL.18:05

##### Equivalent Shear Force, Design Shear Force, Max Stress in Beam11:55

##### Shear Link Calculation for Beam06:35

##### How to pass Beam when it is failed in Torsion ?12:33

###
Column Design
Design of Columns entails determining the dimensions of the various columns. Fixing the shape and determining the length and width of the cross-section are all part of the dimension. Designing also entails determining the diameters of the reinforcing bars in the reinforced column's design.

##### What all the different Classification of Columns we have ?07:37

##### Classification of Column Based Upon Loading – Axial Load Explanation12:43

##### Classification of Column based upon Loading-Uniaxial & Biaxial Loading07:22

##### Classification of Column Based upon Slenderness Ratio20:47

##### Column Design Check List16:20

##### How to Run Column Design in ETABS ?09:52

##### Design Detail Report of Column in ETABS Part -100:00

##### Design Detail Report of Column in ETABS Part -212:23

##### Long Column Design Checks06:58

##### Long Column Design Recommended Methods P-Delta Analysis10:52

##### Long Column Design Calculating Additional Moment by Code Specified Methods14:13

###
Understanding Shear Walls Design
A shear wall is a specialized structural system constructed within buildings to resist lateral forces, such as wind and seismic activity. These vertical elements stabilize the buildingâ€™s entire framework, distributing the stress brought by external influences throughout the structure. When external forces do apply pressure to a building, shear walls resist the horizontal movement and transmit the load to the foundatio

##### Shearwall Design Part – 122:03

##### Shearwall Design Part – 206:56

##### Shearwall Design Part – 308:38

##### Shearwall Design Part – 415:21

##### Shearwall Design Part – 509:39

##### Shearwall Design Part – 628:40

##### Shearwall Design Part – 717:42

##### Shearwall Design Part – 818:16

###
Wind Loads
Wind load is essentially the wind pressure or wind force, in pounds per square foot, exerted on a building. There can be uplift wind load (affects roof/horizontal structures), shear wind load (horizontal pressure that can damage walls) and lateral wind load (can cause foundational issues)

##### Wind Design Part-1 (Basic Introduction of Wind Design)29:53

##### Wind Design Part-2 (How to Apply Wind Load in ETABS)35:51

### Safe Software – Foundation Design

##### Column grouping for Foundation Design13:49

##### Finding footing dimensions17:39

##### Importing & exporting SAFE .f2k files09:16

##### Defining the Footing Material Grade & Section Properties06:00

##### Modeling Footing Dimension in SAFE software14:50

##### Defining the Soil Subgrade Modulus Properties05:39

##### Checking the Soil Pressure for Given footing Dimensions -(Part-1)11:39

##### Checking the Soil Pressure for Given footing Dimensions -(Part-2)14:44

##### Checking the punching shear in Column Footings14:54

##### Checking the punching shear in Shear Wall Footings14:54

##### Reinforcement Design for Column footings10:42

##### Reinforcement Design for Shear Wall Footings10:11

### RCDC

##### Process of importing ETABS file to RCDC12:47

##### Column Design in RCDC Part-117:35

##### Column Design Part-215:18

##### Column Design Part-312:18

##### Column Design Part-418:05

##### Column Design Part-517:45

### How to create Structural Framing

##### How to create Structural Framing45:22

What all the different methods we have to create mathematical model in ETABS